Most of us would accept that it is wise to prevent potential adversity, even if we are not yet sure how serious (or benign) such adversity may turn out to be. This is the essence of the Precautionary Principle, and defines much of the way we are beginning to respond to the challenges of sustainable ...
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Health

Health has improved enormously this century, particularly amongst sustainable development economy like the UK. Live expectancy in England and Wales is now in the mid-1970s, 30 years more than at the beginning of the 20th century. This vast improvement is largely the result of significantly reduced infant mortality rates. But the health of many populations ...
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In 1992, more than 100 leaders of state met in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil for the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED). The Earth Summit was organized to address urgent problems of environmental protection and socio-economic development. The assembled leaders signed the Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Convention on Biological Diversity; ...
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Nuclear power has a significant part to play in maintaining a balanced energy policy. It currently contributes to 29% of the UKs electricity generation and a great deal more in countries like France and Germany. Nuclear power generation does not contribute to air pollution and can therefore help to reduce acid rain and global warming. ...
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Crime

Everyone has a right to live in a community that is safe. Crime reinforces social exclusion and decline. It makes people reluctant to walk or to take public transport. It imposes economic costs. In the UK there has been a long-term rise in crime, although some offences have declined in recent years. Much acquisitive crime, ...
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Recreation

Tourism is the worlds largest industry, affecting the lives of millions of people. While it can bring benefits, these are seldom spread evenly. Sustainable recreation is an environmentally and socially responsible form of tourism which focuses on the intrinsic attractions of the natural and cultural environment and minimises the impacts on ecosystems and the human ...
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Renewables

Renewable energy refers to power generated by a renewable source. When the energy is generated, the resource is not depleted or used up. They are naturally replenished, and can either be managed so that they last forever, or their supply is so enormous humans can never meaningfully deplete them. Unlike fossil fuels, most renewable energy ...
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Agriculture

Agriculture has a vital role to play in protecting and enhancing our countryside, and contributing to the rural economy and rural communities. In the UK agricultural policy is largely shaped by the EU Common Agricultural Policy (CAP). While this has been very successful in securing reliable food supplies, public expectations from a common agricultural policy ...
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Travel

During the last quarter of a century there has been a significant increase in the proportion of journeys travelled by car and the distance that people travel. Associated with these rising figures has been an increase in the pressures due to transport placed upon the environment and society. These pressures have increased not just in ...
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The UK Government has recently stated in its Sustainable Development consultation paper Opportunities for Change that “production and distribution patterns will have to change to reduce emissions, resource use and waste”. How far we have to improve resource use is, of course, a matter of debate, but there is a growing awareness that doing so ...
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